What is the sublimation process?
Sublimation is the physical process that involves changing the state of the ink from solid to gaseous state without going through the liquid state.
Sublimation occurs through heat and pressure. When applying heat (+/- 200ºC) to a paper printed with special ink to sublimate, the ink goes from the solid state to the gaseous state, penetrating the product we want to personalize, when the ink cools it returns to its solid state, remaining forever inside the molecule of the material where we have applied it.
Sublimation can be applied on polyester or cotton blend textiles with a maximum of 30/35% and on all types of rigid as long as they have been previously treated for sublimation, thus being able to sublimate porcelain, metal, glass, wood etc. The result is a full color printing, with photographic quality, that does not lose luminosity with washing.
There are three elements required to complete the sublimation process:
A computer to do the design
A sublimation plotter where the design is transferred to paper
A heat press or sublimation calender where the paper is transferred to the selected fabric or material